Exporting HD Video for YouTube (Premiere Pro CS3 to CS6)


Page Updated: February 2013
Versions: Premiere Pro CS3, CS4 and CS6
if you are using other versions, you may still find the information on this page useful.

Summary of Settings

If you are uploading a lot of videos, I suggest that you go through the whole article, but if you are in a hurry, here is a summary of the main settings:

  • Format & Container: H.264 & MPEG-4
  • Resolution (Frame Dimensions): 1920 x 1080 or 1280 x 720
  • Pixel Aspect Ratio: Square pixels (1:1)
  • Field Order: None, non-interlaced, progressive (different terms for the same thing)
  • TV Standard: NTSC or PAL (depends on your original footage and/or settings in your video editing program)
  • Frame rate: 29.97 (for NTSC) or 25 for (PAL) (depends on your original footage and/or settings in your video editing program)
  • Bitrate Encoding: CBR Constant bitrate (use VBR for non-streaming videos)
  • Video Bitrate: At least 5,000 kbps for 1280 x 720 , 10,000 kbps for 1920×1080 video
  • Audio Code and Channels: AAC, Channels: Stereo
  • Audio Frequency: 48 khz
  • Audio Bitrate = 320 kbps or 384 kbps

For Premiere Pro users select Render at Maximum Quality and Render at Maximum Depth.

Main Article

For exporting high-definition video (HD video) using Adobe Media Encoder. In Premiere Pro, this is accessed by selecting File – Export – Media or Media Encoder. However, make sure you have clicked on the timeline first. Also you need to make sure that you have selected all the clips that you want to export (as shown in the following image).

Use the Work Area bar to select all the clips you want to export

I have found the following settings to work well with YouTube and Vimeo videos, giving you reasonable quality, relatively small file sizes, smooth playback, quick encoding and no audio synchronization problems.

Main Workflow Principles

There are two main principles. One is to try to minimize the number of times the format of the original video is altered.  Therefore, the  project settings you choose when you open a new Premiere Pro file and your export settings for creating the final video for uploading are based on the format of your original video. If you want to know more about project settings you can refer to these posts:

The second principle is to export your video in a format YouTube handles particularly well; that is, in a format that doesn’t need to be changed very much when being converted.

Four Main Choices

a) Resolution
For HD video on YouTube, there are two choices: 1280 x 720 or 1920 x 1080.  You can create HD video in other dimensions, but YouTube may not handle them as well (and will convert them to one or both of the default resolutions).

  • If you are working with 1440 x 1080 anamorphic* HD video, it is best to downscale the resolution slightly to 1280 x 720 and change the pixel aspect ration to 1:1. (*anamorphic pixels are rectangular.
  • If you are working with 1920 x 1080 video, you can keep these larger dimensions for your output or downscale to 1280 x 720 if you want smaller file sizes.
  • If you are working with 1280 x 720 video, just export the video at this resolution.

It is possible to upload anamorphic 1440 x 1080i video directly to YouTube. YouTube will convert everything for you and the YouTube video will be available for viewing in 720p (1280 x 720) and may also be available in 1080p (1920 x 1080); however, there won’t be much difference in quality between these two versions (that is, if the original video is 1440 x 1080).  Also, you will not have any control over how well YouTube converts your video. Therefore, I would recommend exporting anamorphic HD video in 1280 x 720 (i.e., do the conversion yourself).

b) TV Standard
There are two main standards: PAL and NTSC. If you are creating a video for YouTube, just maintain the same video standard through your whole workflow. For example, if your camera produces PAL video, use PAL project settings and export to a PAL video. In HD video meant to be played on computers, the main difference between the two formats is frame speed (PAL = 25 frames per second, NTSC = 29.97 frames per second).

c) Use of Render at Maximum Quality, (CS4 and CS6), Render at Maximum Depth (CS6) and Frame Blending
CS4 and CS6 feature a maximum render quality setting. This is useful when exporting video with lots of movement, but it will greatly increase the video rendering time. You can see the difference in the following still images taken from the same timeline. The image from the left is from a video exported without this function enabled. The image on the right is with the Use Maximum Render Quality setting enabled.

Still images from video exported without (left) and with (right) 'Maximum Render Quality' selected

If you are interested in finding out more about this function, I’ve added a page here: longzijun.wordpress.com/2010/07/28/premiere-pro-cs4-maximum-render-quality/. The function is in easily found in CS6, but if using CS4, click on the link in the previous sentence to find out where to access it.

In CS6, these three settings are disabled by default

The Render at Maximum Depth setting involves the ability to differentiate between different colours. Enabling this function MAY increase the quality of the video slightly, but it probably wouldn’t be noticeable once your video is uploaded and transcoded in YouTube. Many people leave this function disabled (the default setting).

The Frame Blending function comes into play if you have changed the speed of your video in the timeline (e.g., slow motion) or if there is any different in the frame rate between the project settings, original video clip and export settings. It tries to create smoother movement by blurring some of the frames together. Some people like this effect; others dislike it. If your video has any changes in frame rate, I recommend doing trial exports of a small portion of the video with Frame Blending enabled and disabled and see which one you prefer.

In CS6, frame blending disabled by default. You can enable it while exporting or you can enable it on individual video clips in the project (Right click on the clip then select ‘Clip’ in the toolbar at the top of the screen. Select ‘Video Options’ and then ‘Frame Blending’). In contrast, Frame Blending is automatically enabled in CS3 and CS4.To disable it, it seems the only way is to select each affected clip in your project and disable it. (Click on the clip then select ‘Clip’ in the toolbar at the top of the screen. Select ‘Video Options’ and then ‘Frame Blending’)

d) Containers and Formats
I find that H.264/MPEG-4 and WMV files work well on YouTube, though a wide range of other formats are possible. I think the H.264/MPEG-4 combination provides slightly better quality and MPEG-4 is the preferred format of other video uploading sites like Vimeo, though if you also want to create a copy of your video to play on things like Windows Media Player, the WMV file will give you greater flexibility (MP4 files are playable on Windows Media Player in Windows 7; however, they do not always play smoothly).

Usually I export at least two versions of every video: an MP4 file for uploading the video to YouTube and a WMV file for showing the video on computers at work (I sometimes also create mp2 files for making DVDs and an uncompressed avi file to serve as a master copy of any future use).

The  MP4 Option (H.264 & MPEG-4)

Video
Format: H.264 (select this option first)
Preset:

  • In CS3 and CS4 for 1280×720 output: You can start with HDTV 720p (then you need to change a lot of the values)
  • In CS3 and CS4 for 1920×1080 output: You can start with with one of the the 1440 x by 1080i presets (then you need to change most of the values)
  • In C6S: Scroll down and find the appropriate YouTube video setting in terms of resolution (1920×1080 or 1280×720 and select the frame rate of your project setting (e.g., 25 fps for PAL or 29.97 fps for NTSC). the default settings should work fine, though you may want to do some fine tuning.

TV standard: This should match the system used in your original video and in your Premiere Pro project settings (PAL or NTSC)

Frame dimensions: 1280×720 (if you are working with 1440×1080 video). If you are working with 1920×1080, you can keep these dimensions for your output or downscale to 1280×720.
Frame rate (fps): 25 for PAL or 29.97 for NTSC
Field Order: None (Progressive) (i.e., deinterlaced). If you are using CS3, you also need to select the deinterlace function under the output screen. You can access that at top left corner of the Media Encoder window as shown in the following picture. In CS4 and CS6, this deinterlacing is done automatically (interlaced video is meant to played on televisions screens).

Deinterlace in Premiere Pro CS3

Pixel aspect ratio: Square pixels

Profile: I have normally used standard. However, I also upload videos to Vimeo and Vimeo now requires the profile to be set to High, so I will use this setting in Future

Level: Again, I used to use 3.2 for 1280×720 video and 4.1 for 1920×1080 video, but now Vimeo is looking for at least 4.0 for 1280×720 video and 5.0 for 1920×1080 video, so I will be increasing the level to 4.1 or 4.2 (1280×720) for videos to also be Uploaded to Vimeo.

Bitrate encoding:
YouTube and Vimeo are now requesting that videos be exported with a constant bitrate, though you can also try a Variable Bitrate (2 passes) and see if there is an improvement in quality. A good standard for 1280×720 video would be 5 Mbps which is the default setting in CS6 for YouTube video For 1920×1080 video, you can increase that to 8 Mbps). Update Feb. 2013: Vimeo is now recommending a CBR of 5,000 to 10,0000 for 1280×720 video and 10,000 to 20,000 for 1920×1080 video. I wouldn’t recommend going higher than 10,000 for Youtube video

For VBR, (variable bitrate), select the ’2 pass’ setting and work with the following:
Target bitrate (Mbps) =  5 (higher bitrates may get you better quality, but they might also lead to problems when your video is being encoded by YouTube or being played back on media players. Update (Feb. 2012): YouTube now recommends a video bitrate of 5 for 1280×720 video and 8 for 1920×1280 video.
Maxiumum bitrate = 7.5 (or 8.0) for 1280×720 video. I wouldn’t go higher than 10 (which appears to be the maximum bitrate on YouTube.

Audio
Code: AAC
Channels: Stereo
Frequency: YouTube and Vimeo now prefres 48 khz (though 44.1 khz also works fine)
Audio quality: high
Bitrate (kbps)= I usually use 320
Update (Feb. 2012). For HD video, YouTube now recommends a bitrate of 384 kbps (which isn’t even an option in Premiere Pro CS3 or CS4).

Multiplexer
Multiplexing = MP4
Stream compatibility: Standard

The exported file will be an MP4 file and be around 30 – 40 MB per minute (1280 x 720) or 40-50 MB per minute (1980 x 1020). Not all media players (and not all versions of media players) will play MP4 video, however. If your media player can’t read the file and you want to view the video before uploading it, you can download and install the very effective freeware programme VLC Media Player  (www.videolan.org/vlc/).

The WMV Option

If you are using PAL settings, you can also create a HD WMV video for YouTube very easily.  Just select ‘Format: Windows Media’ and “Preset HDV 720p 25 High Quality” . The video quality will be almost as good as the MP4 file and can play more easily on different versions of Windows Media Player. You don’t need to change any values (but if you are using CS3, make sure the deinterlace option is checked–under ‘source’ in the top left corner of the screen). If  you are working with NTSC you can try selecting the above settings and changing the frame rate to 29.97. I haven’t tried this option yet, but it should be OK.

If you have any more information about exporting for YouTube, please let me know. This page is intended for newbies. If there is anything that isn’t clear, let me know so I can improve the page.

My Other Articles on Video Editing

 


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26 thoughts on “Exporting HD Video for YouTube (Premiere Pro CS3 to CS6)

  1. Thank you so much for doing this!! These instructions are so awesome and they did a great job! I’ve been looking for this information for a very long time. Thank you thank you thank you!

  2. Hi Jimmy, thanks. I’m a newcomer to video editing, so I am just trying to figure out how to do use the software properly. It’s been a steep learning curve (For exporting files in Premiere Pro, I had naively expected to find a button called ‘Finished’). There’s a lot of interesting stuff on your site – the videos (I’ll take a longer look at the busker one later this week), for example, and also the insane DIY stuff like the depth-of-field adapter. It’s given me some non-DIY ideas regarding how to upgrade the camcorders in the small media studio I recently set up in a high school (my reason for learning video editing). Thanks for the inspiration.

  3. Hi George. It should be there. When you go to export the video, are you using File – Export – Adobe Media Encoder? (CS3 also has a different ‘File – Export – Movie’ function used for creating AVI files). If you are using the export media function, what video formats appear in the drop-down box at the top of the export settings?

  4. Thanks for the answer. I am using the media encoder. There are 4 options there. I do not have the premiere here now but roughly they are: ReaL Media, Flash Video, QuickTime and Windows Media.

    I could find the h.264 codec if I chose quicktime and then on video/codec I found it. But it doesn’t look like what you are describing.

    Should I have installed on my PC some codecs that will trigger the appearance of h.264?
    Thanks,
    George

  5. @George. I looked around a bit. Someone was wondering about the exact same thing as you were (he/she also had the same version CS3 and the same limited number of export options). The solution seemed to be simply activating the Premiere Pro software (i.e., going to the Adobe site and registering it). That conversation and the list of export formats that you be seeing are here:
    http://livedocs.adobe.com/en_US/PremierePro/3.0/help.html?content=WSCD2102AE-CB60-46ee-AA07-6387BBF35606.html

    I’m not sure why Adobe would put such a limitation in place

  6. yup, after all my searching and trialing this is the best for youtube. in the past my mpeg2 or .mov files worked great for vimeo but never for youtube. finally a good quality youtube recipe!

  7. Thanks so much for this post. I’ve been spending hours trying to figure premier pro out and i’ve read dozens of posts… this is the one that finally explained it for me. Thank you!

  8. Oh God, I think I want to marry you… Thank you SO MUCH!! You totally saved my video-editing (beginner) life

  9. I was pretty pleased to find this page. I wanted to thank you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoyed every part of it and i also have you book-marked to look at new stuff on your website.

  10. Hi,

    I have a problem with premiere pro cs4. When i’m done with editing and ready to export my media, the media encoder doesn’t pop out. Was wondering if you would know how to get this problem solved? Thanks!

  11. Oh . . . that must be incredibly frustrating. Try 1) Rebooting (of course), or 2) Browse to where the Adobe Media Encoder executable is (e.g C:Program Files AdobeAdobe Media Encoder CS4), hold down Ctrl + Shift + Alt (CMD + Shift + Alt for Mac) and double click the executable. This will reset your preferences file and bring Adobe Media Encoder back to life.Note that doing this from the shortcut on the start menu does not seem to work. You need to browse to the folder where the executable is. (http://www.emreakkas.com/windows-tips/media-encoder-fails-to-launch) or 3. Do a repair installation or 4. Uninstall and reinstall the programes or 5. Uninstall and run the Adobe cleaner programme to get rid of all Adobe files and reinstall or 6. Do step 5, but before reinstalling search ther computer and manually delete anything adobe related or 7. Go to the Adobe site and get the latest updates for PPro4 and Adobe Media Encoder or 8. check out some suggestions here: http://forums.adobe.com/message/4240358

    Good luck . . .let me know if anything worked.

    ________________________________

  12. Hello! Thank you for the great info. I followed your directions for 1280 x 720 video for Premiere CS3 but I’m getting some weird artifacting when I render. Below is a screenshot of my video at the resolution it was recorded at:

    http://i.imgur.com/YQf7PZx.jpg

    And this is what it looks like after render:

    http://i.imgur.com/8v5fAO7.jpg

    Does anyone know what would be causing this? I’ve tried rendering at several different formats (mp4, mov, and wmv) and I’ve tried using CBR (at values between 3Mbps and 10 Mbps) in addition to VBR2 but it always has that aliased look to it. My source video is 1280 x 720 and was recorded at 30 fps

  13. For a test, try exporting it as an uncompressed avi file (file – export – movie, and adjust the settings (so they most closely match the video). If it comes out OK, then you know the problem is simply caused by exporting it to a compressed file format (wmv, mov and mp4 are all heavily compressed, so there is definitely going to be some loss of quality no matter what you do).
    The next time you record, you can also try recording your source video at a higher resolution (1920 x 1080) and see if that works better.
    CS4 – CS6 have options for increasing the render quality (maximum render quality); I don’t think CS3 has this option, but do make sure you have ‘Optimize Rendering for Performance’ selected (Edit – Preferences – General)
    You can also try increasing the video bitrate.

  14. Pingback: FILM LTK – Filmmaking Links, Tutorials & Knowledge (2013) | U, S and Toby

  15. hy there…tnx a lot for this,it was of help…
    i have a question anyway…i use an Olympus PL1 photocamera also for recording,it has HD option recording (1280/720),i can’t find out if it is recording in PAL rather then in NTSC mode,but as in the details properties of the videos is written that the FPS are 30,i suppose is filming in NTSC. My problem is,when i import it in adobe premiere (CS5) it looks like the footage isn’t fitting the source monitor. i tried to export one of them just to see if they are working well (h264 with 1280×720 resolution and 29.97 fps and 16:9 wilde screen inputs),and unfortunatly the video results visibly cut on the side edges. i have then Scale the video from 100 to 81% in premiere,and exported with the same inputs, and i get something that looks like a 4:3 option,still slightly cut on the edges…
    It is not bad,but i was really hoping you could help me get the 16:9 wildscreen video i should have with my footage…tnx for your time anyway.

  16. Usually, you don’t get these kind of dimension problems using 1280×720. If the files are not filling the source monitor (when fit-to-screen is selected), this can mean:
    a) A problem with the original file. Maybe it is not actually 1280×720 (as your camera also has a 4:3 ratio that can be selected). If you upload a short clip of the original video to YouTube, does it produce a 1280×720 video online?
    b) A problem with the project sequence settings. You can check that they are 1280×720 with a square (1:1) pixel aspect ratio. Try creating a new sequence with different settings. This seems to be the most likely problem.
    c) A problem with the codec (does your camera produce AVI files?). AVI files come in all sorts of different codecs, so maybe Premiere Pro is having trouble accepting files using that particular codec. There might be a way the fix such problems, but I don’t know how to do this. When I have encountered such situations in the past I converted the video into another format (you can try converting from AVI to AVI, but with another codec). You can do this in something like Format Factory.
    d) Oh, and are you using the trial version of Premiere Pro–that might be the problem there.

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